Japanese Particle Ga (が): JLPT N5 Grammar

Understanding the Japanese particle GA and how to use it.

In the JLPT N5 exam  the Japanese particle ga (が) is always tested in the grammar section.

Ga is usually placed after the (subject) main topic of a sentence. It is similar to は (ha) but ga is used after a person or thing.

Here are some sample sentences that explain the situations when we should use が. These sentences also includes JLPT N5 vocabulary so you should know all the words below.

1. Use が (ga) to say it is raining or snowing
昨日雨が降りました
きのうあめがふりました.
It rained yesterday.
The subject of the sentence is rain (雨: あめ)and it is usually followed by がand not は。

2. Emphasizes which thing; this one, not that one.
この本がおもしろい.
このほんがおもしろい.
This book is interesting.
これ (this one)、あれ (that one over there)、それ (that one near you) are words which are usually followed by が。

3. が is used with 好き
In this type of sentence, the thing you like is followed by GA.
私はりんごが好きです
わたし は りんご が すきです.
I like apples.

エリは本を読むことが好きです。
エリは ほん を よむ こと が すき です。
Eri likes to read books.

4. が is used with 分かる (wakaru)。In this type of sentence
が comes after whatever it is that you don’t understand or know.

友達は英語が分からない
ともだちはえいごがわからない。
My friend doesn’t understand English

意味が分からない
いみがわからない
I don’t understand the meaning

この漢字の読み方が分からない。
この かんじ の よみかた が わからない
I don’t know how to read this kanji.

5. が is used to empahasize who performed an action.
これは母が作ったケーキです
これは はは が つくった ケーキ です
This cake was made by my mom (not by someone else)

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またね!

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